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This study shows the first survey of patterns about surgeons’ approaches and current practices in early and advanced gastric cancer in Thailand. Gastric cancer is a significant health problem worldwide. International guidelines for treatment differ in their recommendations including the accompanying therapy, but the condition is potentially curable. Surgeons have played an important role in Thailand but the limitation of institutional resources and the practices for gastric cancer vary between treatment options. The aim of this study is to investigate the current practices and approaches of Thai surgeons in relation to early and advanced gastric cancer treatment. A survey was conducted on 112 surgeons who claimed to have performed clinical practice upon gastric cancer patients. Information was collected on participant demographic data, the practices approaches in early and advanced stage without metastasis and the preferable adjuvant chemotherapy. The majority of participants were 100 general surgeons (89.4%). The preferred early gastric cancer treatment proved to be endoscopic resection 83.9%, cT1bN0 group preferred laparoscopic surgery 75.9%, cT2-T4aN0 group preferred open surgery 67.8%, cT4bN0 group preferred open surgery with En bloc resection 85.7% and cN+ group preferred open surgery 70.5%. For adjuvant treatment with chemotherapy, the study showed the surgeons who prescribed and treated by themselves was 41.9%. The preferred adjuvant regimens were S-1 50.9% and capecitabine and oxaliplatin 31.3%. This study is the first survey of the patterns of surgeons’ approaches and current practices in early and advanced gastric cancer in Thailand.