Periodontitis and oral cancer - current concepts of the etiopathogenesis

  • Soussan Irani | sousanirani@gmail.com Dental Research Centre, Oral Pathology Department, Dental Faculty, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Iran, Islamic Republic of.
  • Iman Barati Department of Periodontology, Dental Faculty, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Iran, Islamic Republic of.
  • Mohammadreza Badiei Dental Student, Dental Faculty, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran, Islamic Republic of.

Abstract

Gingival tissues are attacked by oral pathogens which can induce inflammatory reactions. The immune-inflammatory responses play essential roles in the patient susceptibility to periodontal diseases. There is a wealth of evidence indicating a link between chronic inflammation and risk of malignant transformation of the affected oral epithelium. Periodontitis is associated with an increased risk of developing chronic systemic conditions including autoimmune diseases and different types of cancers. Besides, some risk factors such as smoking , alcohol consumption and human papilloma virus have been found to be associated with both periodontitis and oral cancer. This review article aimed to study the current concepts in pathogenesis of chronic periodontitis and oral cancer by reviewing the related articles.

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Published
2020-03-18
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Reviews
Keywords:
Inflammation, microbiota, mouth, neoplasms, periodontitis.
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How to Cite
Irani, S., Barati, I., & Badiei, M. (2020). Periodontitis and oral cancer - current concepts of the etiopathogenesis. Oncology Reviews, 14(1). https://doi.org/10.4081/oncol.2020.465